Frequent urination, irritation, pain, trouble urinating or blockage
Prevention of new calcium oxalate, urate or cystine stones
Urination is a natural part of your dog’s everyday life. It should not cause any problems. Urine is produced in the kidneys, stored in the bladder and runs out of the body through the ”urethra tube”. The urine carries water, dissolved protein waste and excess minerals.
All dog foods contain minerals, proteins and water. The ideal food for dogs with urinary problems provides sufficient nutrients while producing a minimum of protein and mineral wastes for the urine to excrete.
Choose the right food for your dog and you can support a healthy urinary system. Food can help to dissolve existing urinary stones and reduce the risk of new ones forming. Different types of stones require different nutritional strategies – read more!
If there are more waste elements in the urine than can be dissolved, urinary stones form. These are typically magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and protein waste products.
Signs and causes of urinary problems vary:
The urine passage can become blocked by bladder stones. When this happens, the urine and waste elements are forced to stay in the bladder. The tension of the bladder causes pain and retained waste elements can seriously harm the body. Once this happens, vet assistance will be required.
It is important that your vet identifies the type of stone in question, as this is essential to giving your dog the best treatment.To find the cause of a urinary problem your vet must look for stones, crystals or bacteria/infection.
The most common urinary stones in dogs are made of struvite. They form if there is too much magnesium and phosphorus in the urine and if the urine is not acidic enough.
Our Struvite Management food is tailored to deal with struvite stones in dogs. The composition is double effective. In the first instance it helps dissolve existing stones. Then secondly it makes it harder for new stones to form.
The composition works through a reduced content of minerals, a more acidic urine and increased salt intake to promote drinking and urination. See more details!
Calcium-oxalate stones form from too much urinary calcium and oxalate. They cannot be dissolved and must be removed surgically.
Once they are removed, you can reduce the formation of new stones by giving your dog the correct diet. This includes a food with a reduced level of protein and a composition that makes the urine less acidic. For this we recommend our Heart & Kidney Support, available in a tasty wet food pâté or a dry variant.
This diet also helps with the more rare cases of cystine stones.
The Food Allergy Management dry food is recommended for dogs with urinary urate stones. Made from rice and eggs it contains very little purine (the building block of urate).
If your dog also suffers from kidney, heart or liver disease or prefers wet food, your vet may prescribe our Heart and Kidney Support. This can also help to dissolve and prevent urate stones.
It is important that your vet identifies the type of stone in question, as this is essential to giving your dog the best treatment. Especially in female dogs struvite stones are often caused by a bacterial urinary infection, so your vet may prescribe antibiotic treatment.
To find the cause of a urinary problem your vet must look for stones, crystals or bacteria/infection. This may include a physical examination, investigation of a urine sample, microscopy, x-rays, ultrasound or urinary stone analysis.